GUGGENHEIM


GUGGENHEIM
GUGGENHEIM, U.S. family. MEYER GUGGENHEIM (1828–1905), merchant and industrialist, was the progenitor of the American branch of the family. He was born in Lengnau, Switzerland, and immigrated to the United States in 1848 with his father Simon, settling in Philadelphia. After a period of peddling, Meyer established successful stove polish, lye, and lace-embroidery businesses. In the late 1870s he purchased an interest in the Leadville mines in Colorado. Leaving the embroidery business, the firm of M. Guggenheim's Sons rapidly acquired and built silver, lead, and copper mines and smelters in the western United States, Mexico, and other countries. In 1901 the firm merged with the American Smelting and Refining Company, in which the Guggenheims played a dominant role. At the height of the family's fortune, the company was estimated to be worth over $500,000,000. Meyer's seven sons continued the family's business operations as Guggenheim Brothers, expanding their holdings from Alaska to the Congo. His eldest son, ISAAC (1854–1922), was born in Philadelphia. He promoted the family's enterprises, including the Guggenheim Exploration Company. He was a contributor to the New York Federation of Jewish Charities, Jewish Theological Seminary, and Hebrew Union College. Meyer's second son, DANIEL (1856–1930), became the leader of the Guggenheim Brothers' far-flung enterprises and was responsible for expansion and modernization. As president of American Smelting and Refining Company for nearly 20 years, he developed tin mines in Bolivia, diamonds in Africa, and nitrates in Chile. A progressive in labor relations, Daniel favored unionization and government economic legislation. With his brother Murry he endowed free music concerts in New York's Central Park; the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation; and the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics. He was a trustee of New York's Temple Emanu-El and one of the founders of the Jewish Theological Seminary. Meyer's third son, MURRY (1858–1939), participated actively in managing Guggenheim Brothers and the American Smelting and Refining Company. His philanthropies included a free dental clinic in New York. The fourth son, SOLOMON ROBERT (1861–1949), developed the family's interests in Mexican and Chilean mining. A benefactor of New York's Mt. Sinai and Montefiore Hospitals and the New York Public School Athletic League, he formed the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, which encouraged nonobjective art. The Guggenheim Museum in New York, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, commemorates this interest. A fifth son, BENJAMIN (1865–1912), entered the family mining business and then withdrew from the partnership in 1900 to head International Steam Pump. He died in the sinking of the Titanic. Meyer's sixth son, SIMON (1867–1941), was associated with the family's mining interests and, from 1907 to 1913, served as U.S. senator from Colorado. In 1925 he established the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, which has provided fellowships to thousands of scholars, scientists, and artists. The seventh son, WILLIAM (1868–1941), managed company property until 1900, and then withdrew from the family firm. His subsequent activities were public affairs, writing, and philanthropy. Daniel's son HARRY FRANK (1890–1971) served the family's mining enterprises and was senior partner of Guggenheim Brothers. As president of the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics from its inception in 1926, he did much to advance aviation. He established the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, which supports scholarly research on problems of aggression, and violence. From 1929 to 1933 he served as United States ambassador to Cuba, and later founded and was president of the Long Island daily Newsday. Benjamin's daughter, MARGUERITE (Peggy; 1898–1979), spent most of her life in Europe, aiding the modern art movement, especially American abstract expressionism. Her home in Venice was a center for art display. In 1979 her memoir, Out of This Century: Confessions of an Art Addict, was published. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. O'Connor, Guggenheims: The Making of an American Dynasty (1937); M. Lomask, Seed Money (1964); E.P. Hoyt, The Guggenheims and the American Dream (1967). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Hallion, Legacy of Flight: The Guggenheim Contribution to American Aviation (1977); J. Davis, The Guggenheims: An American   guggenheim Epic (1978); J. Weld, Peggy: The Wayward Guggenheim (1986); A. Gill, Art Lover: A Biography of Peggy Guggenheim (2003). (Morton Rosenstock)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guggenheim — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Einer Dynastie von amerikanischen Industriellen und Künstlern, siehe Guggenheim (Familie) Einzelne Namensträger sind: Alis Guggenheim (1896–1958), Schweizer Bildhauerin und Malerin Benjamin Guggenheim… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guggenheim — may refer to: Benjamin Guggenheim Charles Guggenheim Davis Guggenheim Guggenheim Building Guggenheim family Guggenheim Fellowship Guggenheim Museum (disambiguation) Harry Frank Guggenheim John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Marc Guggenheim… …   Wikipedia

  • Guggenheim — es el apellido de una famosa familia estadounidense de origen judío descendientes de Meyer Guggenheim un empresario minero y de aleaciones que luego se retiró para dedicarse a la filantropía. Muchos de sus miembros han creado fundaciones con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guggenheim — es el apellido de una famosa familia norteamericana. Muchos de sus miembros han creado Fundaciones, con motivaciones artísticas o de bien social. La Fundación de mayor renombre internacional, es la que fundó Solomon Guggenheim. * * * ► Familia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guggenheim — grant for advanced study, in reference to the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, established 1925 by U.S. Sen. Simon Guggenheim (1867 1941) in memory of his son, who died young. The senator s brother was an arts patron who founded the Solomon R.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Guggenheim — (izg. gȁgenheim), Peggy (1898 1979) DEFINICIJA kolekcionarka umjetnina i patron njujorške škole modernih umjetnika (Guggenheim muzej moderne umjetnosti, Fondacija Guggenheim); nakon 2. svjetskog rata seli u Veneciju gdje sakuplja tzv. Guggenheim… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Guggenheim — (musée) musée d art contemporain construit à New York par F. L. Wright (1956 1959) sur une commande de Solomon Guggenheim (1861 1949) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guggenheim — Patronyme alsacien ou allemand, souvent porté par des juifs, qui correspond à un nom de localité : soit Guggenheim près de Strasbourg, soit Jugenheim en Rhénanie. Si le second élément du toponyme est clair (heim = maison, éventuellement hameau),… …   Noms de famille

  • Guggenheim — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Les Guggenheim sont une célébre famille de clown qui s est également illustrée dans le mécénat avec des fondations et des musées. Parmi les membres de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guggenheim — I Gụggenheim,   amerikanische Industriellenfamilie, deren erstes bedeutendes Mitglied, Meyer Guggenheim (* 1. 2. 1828, ✝ 15. 3. 1905), 1847 aus der Schweiz ausgewandert, zunächst eine Importfirma für schweizerische Waren betrieb und sich dann… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.